QUALITY OF LIFE AND FECAL CALPROTECTIN IN INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES
Inflammatory diseases (IBD) are chronic disorders marked by periods of activity that require repeated in-hospital care, expensive surgical treatment with multiple side effects which affect the quality of life in these patients. Mucosal healing is associated with sustainable remission and a low risk of surgical intervention in these patients. Aim: To evaluate the correlations between fecal calprotectin (used as a marker of endoscopic inflammation) and quality of life (assessed by means of the IBDQ-32 questionnaire). Material and methods: A prospective study that includes 60 patients with IBD. Fecal calprotectin and Inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire-32 were performed in all patient. Results: The average value of fecal calprotectin was 247.38±345.77µg/g. The average total IBDQ was 137.42±38. There are negative statistical correlations between the activity of the disease assessed by means of the UCDAI and CDAI scores in the two studied disorders and the quality of life assessed by means of the IBDQ-32 score. We noticed significant correlations between the values of fecal calprotectin and the quality of life. Conclusions: The activity of the disease had a negative impact on the quality of life in the patients with IBD. Clinical manifestations are more likely to affect quality of life compared to the endoscopic activity of the disease.
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