PARTICULARITIES OF ORAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN PATIENTS WITH ALZHEIMER`S DEMENTIA
Aim: Dementia and especially Alzheimer`s dementia represent one of the most important disorder of this century with a lot of negative consequences for the patient himself, but also for family and community. The essential features of dementia are represented by multiple cognitive deficits, at least one of the following: aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, or a disturbance in executive, which diminished the quality of life of these patients. Unfortunately, in majority of the cases, the oral health care of these patients does not represent a priority. The aim of our study is to establish a series of general coordinates on the pattern of development of oral diseases in patients with dementia. Material and methods: We focused on the clinical evolution of 50 patients from “Socola” Institute of Psychiatry Iasi, with the diagnosis of Alzheimer`s dementia, according to ICD 10 criteria, from the point of view of the general and dental status, the prognosis and the therapeutic possibilities. Results: Our results reveal that 78% of patients with moderate dementia had partial and total edentation and 56% of patients with severe dementia had partial edentation, while 21% total edentation. Conclusions: Thus, in this context, increasing the quality of life of these patients means to improve the general condition of the elderly, which is closely related to the maintenance of natural teeth and the development of well-adapted prostheses.
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