ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS IN CHILDREN. CURRENT EPIDEMIO-LOGICAL AND ETIOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS
ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS IN CHILDREN. CURRENT EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND ETIOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS (Abstract): Acute diarrheal disease ranks second among the causes of specific morbidity (after respiratory infections) with higher incidence values in economically undeveloped or developing countries (3 to 7 episodes of diarrhea / year / child compared to only 1-2 episodes / year / child in highly industrialized countries). Infection with Campylobacter globally was the most frequently reported zooanthroponosis, with 214,268 confirmed human cases in 2012. Almost any pathogen involved in the etiology of acute diarrheal disease may be involved in the occurrence of healthcare-associated infections; among these, the rotavirus and Clostridium difficile are most prevalent. General hygiene measures change the epidemiological aspect of acute diarrheal disease by modifying the factors which favor the transmission of pathogens.
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