ACHIEVEMENTS WITHIN THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL NUMBER 5 - MATERNAL HEALTH - IN ROMANIA

  • Olga-Odetta DUMA “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi
  • F.D. PETRARIU “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi
  • Maria Cristina GAVRILESCU “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi
  • M. MANOLE “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi

Abstract

Among the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted by the United Nations in 2000, Goal Number 5 focused on Improve the Maternal Health. Aim: This paper intends to assess the progress recorded in maternal health in Romania, from the perspective of the MDG number 5, at the target date of year 2015. Material and methods: The research represent a descriptive study (1990-2015) and an analysis of the related achievements, from the perspective of the MDG number 5. The specific targets and indicators recommended by the United Nations were: Target 5.A “Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio” and Target 5.B “Achieve, by 2015, the universal access to reproductive health”. Results: A significant downward has been recorded in the maternal deaths, approximately ten times, from 262 cases in 1990 to 28 cases in 2015. The proportion of the births attended in 2015 by skilled health personnel was 99%. The estimated prevalence rate for any contraceptive method pointed out that just two of three Romanian women of reproductive age, currently use contraceptive methods (69%). The Romanian adolescent birth rate was and remains high, 36 cases aged 15–19 years per 1,000 women in that age group. The antenatal care coverage decreased from 94% to 76%, along the studied interval. The estimated prevalence rate regarding the unmet need for family planning in 2015 was 9.5%. Conclusions: An important progress has been made in Romania, in achieving the MDG no. 5 - Improve Maternal Health - since 1990. The target 5.A. was achieved, whereas the target 5.B. revealed that in spite of the progress made, Romania still lags far behind the other countries of European Union.

Author Biographies

Olga-Odetta DUMA, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi

Faculty of Medicine
Department of Preventive Medicine and Interdisciplinarity

F.D. PETRARIU, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi

Faculty of Medicine
Department of Preventive Medicine and Interdisciplinarity

Maria Cristina GAVRILESCU, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi

Faculty of Medicine
Department of Medical Specialties (II)

M. MANOLE, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi

Faculty of Medicine
Department of Preventive Medicine and Interdisciplinarity

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Published
2018-12-27
Section
PREVENTIVE MEDICINE - LABORATORY