PHYTOCHEMICAL PROFILE AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF VERBASCUM BLATTARIA L.

  • V.S. LUCA “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi
  • Ana Clara APROTOSOAIE “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi
  • Nina CIOCARLAN Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
  • Anca MIRON “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi

Abstract

Aim: The HPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS phytochemical profile and in vitro antioxidant activity of extracts obtained from the aerial parts of Verbascum blattaria were investigated. Material and methods: Phytochemical screening was performed by a hyphenated LC-MS technique, whereas total phenolic content was assessed by Folin-Ciocalteu method. Antioxidant activity was evaluated using four different in vitro tests: hydroxyl and DPPH radicals scavenging, ferrous ion chelating and ferric ion reducing assays. Results and discussion: A total of 17 secondary metabolites (carboxylic acids, flavonoids, iridoids, phenylethanoids and saponins) were identified in V. blattaria extracts. Among the four samples, n-butanol extract was the most potent scavenger of the hydroxyl and DPPH radicals, with EC50 values of 224.14 and 591.67 µg/mL, respectively. Additionally, the same extract exhibited an EC50 of 193.51 µg/mL in the ferric ion reducing assay. Conclusions: The current work allowed concluding that n-butanol extract of V. blattaria is the most promising in relation to antioxidant potential; the in vivo significance of its antioxidant effects needs to be further evaluated.

Author Biographies

V.S. LUCA, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi

Faculty of Pharmacy
Department of Pharmacognosy

Ana Clara APROTOSOAIE, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi

Faculty of Pharmacy
Department of Pharmacognosy

Nina CIOCARLAN, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

Botanical Garden

Anca MIRON, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi

Faculty of Pharmacy
Department of Pharmacognosy

References

1. Alipieva KI, Orhan IE, Cankaya IIT, Kostadinova EP, Georgiev MI. Treasure from garden: chemical profiling, pharmacology and biotechnology of mulleins. Phytochem Rev 2014; 13: 417-444.
2. Georgiev M, Alipieva K, Orhan I, Abrashev R, Denev P, Angelova M. Antioxidant and cholinestarases inhibitory activities of Verbascum xanthophoeniceum Griseb. and its phenylethanoid glycosides. Food Chem 2011; 128: 100-105.
3. Dimitrova P, Alipieva K, Grozdanova T, et al. New iridoids from Verbascum nobile and their effect on lectin-induced T cell activation and proliferation. Food Chem Toxicol 2018; 111: 605-615.
4. Grabias B, Swiatek L. Iridoid glucosides in Verbascum genus. Herba Pol 1987; 33: 225-232.
5. Youn IS, Han AR, Rob MS, Seo EK. Constituents of the leaves of Verbascum blattaria. Nat Prod Commun 2015; 10: 445-446.
6. Singleton VL, Rossi JA. Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungstic acid reagents. Am J Enol Viticult 1965; 16: 144-158.
7. Ozsoy N, Can A, Yanardag R, Akev N. Antioxidant activity of Smilax excelsa L. leaf extracts. Food Chem 2008; 110: 571‐583.
8. Aprotosoaie AC, Mihai CT, Voichita G, et al. Antigenotoxic and antioxidant activities of a polyphenolic extract from European Dracocephalum moldavica L. Ind Crops Prod 2016; 79: 248‐257.
9. Cretu E, Trifan A, Aprotosoaie AC, Miron A. 15‐Lipoxygenase inhibition, superoxide and hydroxyl radicals scavenging activities of Cedrus brevifolia bark extracts. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 2013; 117: 250‐256.
10. Luca VS, Stan AM, Trifan A, Miron A, Aprotosoaie AC. Catechins profile, caffeine content and antioxidant activity of Camellia sinensis teas commercialized in Romania. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 2016; 120: 457-463.
11. Luca SV, Miron A, Aprotosoaie AC, et al. HPLC-DAD-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS profiling of Verbascum ovalifolium Donn ex Sims and evaluation of its antioxidant and cytogenotoxic activities. Phytochem Anal 2018; doi: 10.1002/pca.2788.
12. ***METLIN: The original and most comprehensive MS/MS metabolite database. https://metlin.scripps.edu/landing_page.
13. Mihailovic V, Kreft S, Benkovic ET, Ivanovic N, Stankovic MS. Chemical profile, antioxidant activity and stability in stimulated gastrointestinal tract model system of three Verbascum species. Ind Crops Prod 2016; 89: 141-151.
14. Karamian R, Ghasemlou F. Total phenolic content, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of three Verbascum species from Iran. J Med Plant By-Prod 2013; 1: 43-51.
Published
2018-12-27