STUDIUL PREVALENȚEI SUPRAPONDERII ȘI OBEZITÃȚII ÎNTR-O COMUNITATE RURALÃ DIN NORD-ESTUL ROMÂNIEI
The main objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of overweight and
obesity in a rural population, from the north-east part of Romania. Material and method: The
study population included 3248 adult subjects (1341 men, 1907 women), aged 18 or over,
registered with their general practitioner. Anthropometric parameters were assessed by medical
staff and obesity and overweight were defined according to World Health Organizations
(WHO) criteria. Abdominal obesity was described according to International Diabetes Federation
s (IDF) criteria. Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is 33.9% and 12.2%
in men and respectively 35% and 21.3% in women. The majority of overweight and obese
subjects had an increased waist circumference. There can be observed the predominance of the
women in the overweight and obese group, as well as the increase of the obesity prevalence
with age. Conclusion: Our results show that the weight excess could become a public health
problem in Romania, therefore national screening programs are needed along with public
information campaigns regarding effectual prevention and treatment possibilities.
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