CARIA SEVERÃ TIMPURIE CONSIDERAȚII EPIDEMIOLOGICE ÎN ZONA IAȘI
Aim: To asses the current demographic tendencies of the carioactivity, in Iaºi area, especially
ECC and S-ECC. Material and methods: Study group included 500 subjects (276 girls and
224 boys), 3-6 years of age, 70% urban and 30% rural. The oro-dental evaluation was
achieved through clinical investigation, based on criteria and markers recommended by WHO,
the estimation of the indices of the caries prevalence: caod, cao, SIC, ICDAS, pshychological
assesment and sociological investigation using interviews and questionnaires. Recorded data
were used for statistical analysis in SPSS 17 trial, in visual FOX-PRO9. Results: The hole
assessment showed a low caries risk (83.3%), compared to the values of the medium caries risk
(9.2%), and of the high caries risk (7.5%). In term of clinic variability, the normal carial pattern
is frequent, followed by atypical carial patterns, ECC and S-ECC, with differences between
genders (boys 1.91, girls 1.99). In relation to the socio-econimic level of the family, the cao
index varies: cao-1 - high socio-economic level, cao-1.46 - medium socio-economic level, cao-
2.87 - low socio-economic level. Conclusions: The values of the epidemiologic indices,
showed a variability of the carioactivity of the temporary dentition, with growth of the atipical
carial patterns, ECC and SECC. The above mentioned aspects require to reconsider the view
points on temporary dentition and the promotion of an educational and prevention programme.
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