THE PREVALENCE OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI INFECTION IN A HOSPITAL FROM NORTH-EAST OF ROMANIA
This study aims to analyze the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in a hospital from North-East of Romania. Material and methods: H. pylori infection was investigated in 2,048 patients at Emergency County Hospital Bacău. H. pylori infection was diagnosed by fecal antigen test. The patients were analyzed based on demographic criteria, and by presenting pathology. Results: Out of 2,048 patients tested in one year, 819 patients (39.9%) were positive for H. pylori. No statistically significant differences were identified between men and women (40.3% vs. 39.8%, p=0.821). Patients from rural areas had a significantly higher prevalence of H. pylori infection than urban areas (47.3% vs. 36.8%, p=0.00001). A direct correlation was noted between H. pylori infection and age. There was a significantly higher average age in patients with H. pylori infection (H. pylori (+): 51.1±22.3 vs. H. pylori (-): 49.1±21.3, p=0.0323). The highest prevalence was in patients aged 31-40 years (54.3%) and the lowest in patients aged 0-6 years (25.8%). Regarding the wards where patients were admitted to, the highest prevalence was on the Internal Diseases ward (50.71%), while on the Gastroenterology ward the prevalence of H. pylori infection was not significantly different from other sections with less cases of digestive pathologies (Gastroenterology 41.2%, Endocrinology 42.9%, Nephrology 48.6%). Conclusion: The prevalence of H. pylori infection in people who presented at the Emergency County Hospital Bacău is lower than the figure estimated for Romania in a recent meta-analysis (2017) performed globally.
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