A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF THE INCIDENCE AND RISK FACTORS FOR HEPATITIS E INFECTION IN ROMANIA

  • Ioana Florina MIHAI “Sf. Parascheva” Clinical Hospital of Infectious Diseases Iasi, Romania
  • A. VATA “Sf. Parascheva” Clinical Hospital of Infectious Diseases Iasi, Romania
  • Stefana LUCA Sf. Parascheva” Clinical Hospital of Infectious Diseases Iasi, Romania
  • Mihaela Catalina LUCA “Sf. Parascheva” Clinical Hospital of Infectious Diseases Iasi, Romania

Abstract

The incidence of viral hepatitis E (HEV) has taken shape in European countries, economically developed areas and with a high level of hygiene. For the occurrence of this disease was initially incriminated the consumption of properly unprocessed pork or travels to endemic areas. Over time, other ways of transmission were discovered. The spread of the virus also included Romania. In this context, we aim to analyze data from the literature on the incidence and risk factors for HEV. Recent studies conducted in Romania have shown a seroprevalence between 9.6% and 50% in farms, highlighting a zoonotic transmission. Another study shown that the risk factors associated with HEV infections were previous blood transfusions, immunosuppressive disorders, or hepatitis B virus co-infection. In conclusion, HVE infection remains an undeclared disease, possible due to misdiagnosis, subclinical infection, or co-infection with another hepatitis virus.

Author Biographies

Ioana Florina MIHAI, “Sf. Parascheva” Clinical Hospital of Infectious Diseases Iasi, Romania

“Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania
Faculty of Medicine
Department of Medical Specialties (II)

A. VATA, “Sf. Parascheva” Clinical Hospital of Infectious Diseases Iasi, Romania

“Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania
Faculty of Medicine
Department of Medical Specialties (II)

Stefana LUCA, Sf. Parascheva” Clinical Hospital of Infectious Diseases Iasi, Romania

“Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania
Faculty of Medicine
Department of Medical Specialties (II)

Mihaela Catalina LUCA, “Sf. Parascheva” Clinical Hospital of Infectious Diseases Iasi, Romania

“Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania
Faculty of Medicine
Department of Medical Specialties (II)

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Published
2020-12-23
Section
INTERNAL MEDICINE - PEDIATRICS