SURGERY IN MESOPOTAMIA, EGYPT, AND CHINA

  • R.V. VORONEANU POPA “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi

Abstract

The science of medicine has recorded a continuous evolution from the very beginning of its existence. In Mesopotamia, the health of the individuals was at the mercy of gods, and treatment was in close relation to astrology. Specialist have managed to retrieve a multitude of medical prescriptions and treatment techniques for various diseases, but no specific discovery has been made related to surgery. China practiced medicine focusing on the prevention of certain diseases, not on treating them. The best-known Chinese surgeon of the ancient era was Hua Tuo. His notoriety was conferred by the fact that he was the first Chinese physician to have used anesthesia during a surgical intervention. The Egyptian people left to posterity numerous papyri full of wise teachings and treatments for a multitude of diseases. The most interesting papyri in London is the one discovered in 1862, focusing on the topic of surgery. The science of medicine has recorded a continuous evolution from the very beginning of its existence. Each civilization has left us a heritage of a wealth of teachings, which led to medicine to be what it is today. It is impossible to establish who had the greatest contribution to the improvement of medical techniques, but it is especially important to use every research undertaken by ancient people. Although most civilizations have used magical techniques to treat the health of individuals, studies have shown that when the situation was serious, people have relied on mixtures of herbs to restore the vitality of our fellow human beings.

Author Biography

R.V. VORONEANU POPA, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi

Faculty of Medicine
Ph.D. Student

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Published
2020-12-23