SURGERY IN MESOPOTAMIA, EGYPT, AND CHINA
The science of medicine has recorded a continuous evolution from the very beginning of its existence. In Mesopotamia, the health of the individuals was at the mercy of gods, and treatment was in close relation to astrology. Specialist have managed to retrieve a multitude of medical prescriptions and treatment techniques for various diseases, but no specific discovery has been made related to surgery. China practiced medicine focusing on the prevention of certain diseases, not on treating them. The best-known Chinese surgeon of the ancient era was Hua Tuo. His notoriety was conferred by the fact that he was the first Chinese physician to have used anesthesia during a surgical intervention. The Egyptian people left to posterity numerous papyri full of wise teachings and treatments for a multitude of diseases. The most interesting papyri in London is the one discovered in 1862, focusing on the topic of surgery. The science of medicine has recorded a continuous evolution from the very beginning of its existence. Each civilization has left us a heritage of a wealth of teachings, which led to medicine to be what it is today. It is impossible to establish who had the greatest contribution to the improvement of medical techniques, but it is especially important to use every research undertaken by ancient people. Although most civilizations have used magical techniques to treat the health of individuals, studies have shown that when the situation was serious, people have relied on mixtures of herbs to restore the vitality of our fellow human beings.
2. Ellis H, Abdalla S. A History of Surgery. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2018, 7.
3. Breasted JH. The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus. Chicago: Ed. University of Chicago Press, 1930, 12.
4. Wellmann M. Hippokrates des Herakleides Sohn. Hermes 1922; LII(2): 250.
5. Romanescu C. Istoria medicinei, Iași: Editura I.M.F., 1981, 12.
6. Iftimovici R. Istoria Universală a Medicinei și Farmaciei. București: Editura Academiei Române, 2015, 111.
7. Zimmerman LM, Veith I. Great Ideas in the History of Surgery. San Francisco: Norman Publishing, 1993, 69.
8. Burnet V. Early Greek Philosophy. London: Macmillan and Co, 1945, 201.
9. Joly R. Le niveau de la science hippocratique. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1966, 102.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Once an article is accepted for publication, MSJ requests a transfer of copyrights for published articles.
COPYRIGHT TRANSFER FORM FOR
REVISTA MEDICO-CHIRURGICALĂ A SOCIETĂȚII DE MEDICI ȘI NATURALIȘTI DIN IAȘI /
THE MEDICAL-SURGICAL JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY OF PHYSICIANS AND NATURALISTS FROM IASI
We, the undersigned authors of the manuscript entitled
warrant that this manuscript, which is submitted for publication in the REVISTA MEDICO-CHIRURGICALĂ, has not been published and it is not under consideration for publication in another journal.
- we give the consent for publication in the REVISTA MEDICO-CHIRURGICALĂ, in printed and electronic format and we transfer unconditioned and complete the copyright of this manuscript to the REVISTA MEDICO-CHIRURGICALĂ, in the event of its acceptance.
- the manuscript does not break the intellectual property rights of any other person.
- we have read the submitted version of the manuscript and we are fully responsible for the content.
Names and signatures of authors / copyright owners (the following sequence is the authorship of the article):
N.B. All the authors must sign this form