ILLNESS REPRESENTATIONS OF CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC DISEASES AND THEIR IMPACT ON TREATMENT ADHERENCE AND THE QUALITY OF LIFE. A NON-CATEGORICAL STUDY

  • Ancuta Elena PADURARU “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University Iasi, Romania
  • Doina AZOICAI “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi
  • Camelia SOPONARU “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University Iasi, Romania

Abstract

The identification of the connections between illness representation, the quality of life, and treatment adherence, among the children diagnosed with diverse chronic diseases. Furthermore, we wished to see whether there were differences by gender at the level of the three variables. Material and methods: 94 children - 52 boys and 42 girls - with a mean age M = 13.63 ± 2.68, filled out the Perceptions Questionnaire-Revised, the Self-Regulation of Medication Adherence Battery, and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ Version 4.0.  Results: Preponderantly, the correlations identified between the three variables are negative. We have not identified any significant differences by gender, in what concerns illness representations. However, girls have higher control over treatment adherence (M girls = 3.30, M boys = 3.49, p = 0.035) and lower emotional functioning compared to boys (M girls = 62.14, M boys = 73.40, p = 0.016). Conclusions: The higher level of illness identity, illness coherence, and personal control among children, the more likely for them to adhere to treatment. Furthermore, the higher control over the treatment, the greater motivation of children to adhere to treatment. Consequently, practical interventions should focus on instilling the children’s perceived control over their treatment.

Author Biographies

Ancuta Elena PADURARU, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University Iasi, Romania

Faculty of Psychology and Education Science
Service for Students, Career Guidance, Professional Insertion and Alumni

Doina AZOICAI, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi

Faculty of Medicine
Department of Preventive Medicine and Interdisciplinarity

Camelia SOPONARU, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University Iasi, Romania

Faculty of Psychology and Education Science
Department of Psychology

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Published
2020-12-23
Section
PREVENTIVE MEDICINE - LABORATORY