TUBERCULOSIS AND BACTERIAL CO-INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN

https://www.doi.org/10.22551/MSJ.2021.01.02

  • BANU Ariela Elena “Dunărea de Jos” University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Galați, Romania
  • BACIU G. “Dunărea de Jos” University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Galați, Romania
  • ELKAN Eva Maria “Dunărea de Jos” University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Galați, Romania
  • MITREA Geta “Dunărea de Jos” University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Galați, Romania

Abstract

Tuberculosis is a major public health problem nowadays without a change to be eliminated in many regions. The study aim was to evaluate the bacterial co-infections diagnosed in children with TB, in a hospital in the eastern part of Romania. Material and methods: The study group consisted of 37 children diagnosed with TB and various bacterial co-infections and admitted in a pediatric hospital in Galati County, Romania, between 2014 and 2017. Results: In our study group characterized by the mean age of 10.40, with a male/female report = 0.94, a predominance of children aged 12-17 (45.94%),  and no cases were recorded in 0-1 year of age group, the most frequent localization of TB lesions was pulmonary TB primoinfection (45.86%), bacterial pneumonia was the main co-infection in children with TB (64.86%), then bacterial acute bronchitis (28.73%) and gastroenteritis (5.41%). Conclusions: Our study evidenced that bacterial pneumonia was the most frequently diagnosed co-infection in children with TB (64.86%). The most frequent bacterial co-infections pathogens were E. coli (32.43%), S. pneumoniae  (27.03%),  and K. pneumoniae (21.62%) and the length of stay between 4 days and 92 days.

Author Biographies

BANU Ariela Elena, “Dunărea de Jos” University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Galați, Romania

“Sf. Ioan” Emergency Clinic Hospital for Children, Galaţi, Romania

BACIU G., “Dunărea de Jos” University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Galați, Romania

“Sf. Ioan” Emergency Clinic Hospital for Children, Galaţi, Romania

ELKAN Eva Maria, “Dunărea de Jos” University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Galați, Romania

“Sf. Ioan” Emergency Clinic Hospital for Children, Galaţi, Romania

MITREA Geta, “Dunărea de Jos” University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Galați, Romania

“Sf. Ioan” Emergency Clinic Hospital for Children, Galaţi, Romania

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Published
2021-03-30
Section
INTERNAL MEDICINE - PEDIATRICS