ANALYSIS OF THE NEWBORNS FROM HIV POSITIVE-MOTHERS IN A PERIOD OF THREE YEARS FROM THE REGIONAL HIV-AIDS CENTER IASI, ROMANIA
Aim: With proper medication and regular monitoring, pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can give birth to a healthy child. With the implementation of programs to prevent vertical transmission, the number of HIV-positive newborns has decreased significantly. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the HIV status of newborns perinatally exposed through the infection. Material and methods: We conduct a retrospective study on the HIV positive women registered at the “Sf. Parascheva” Infectious Disease Hospital from Iasi, which became mothers between 2017-2019. Results: During the three years mentioned period, 101 newborns from HIV positive mothers were included in the study, four being from untreated mothers. All the children received prophylactic antiretroviral compounds. At the end of the monitored period, two children had detectable viremia. Conclusions: Evaluation of HIV-positive mothers and prophylaxis of newborns during the evaluated period, which was conducted according to the protocol, lead to a low percentage of HIV-positive children.
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